Etiquette is an important part of the sport of judo. Players are expected to respect their practice partners, opponents, their instructors, coaches, and the referees and officials at tournaments. Our respect for others in judo is expressed through our actions and words. These specific actions are expected of a judoka. The following description of San Gabriel judoka’s expected actions is provided as a guide for the player, parents and spectators to better understand proper judo etiquette. Other dojos may vary in some details.
On the mat
We bow before entering the practice mat. If we must come in late we bow to the head instructor and wait at the edge of the mat for the instructor to invite us to participate. At the beginning of class we stand in line facing the instructors. We stand in order by age category and within each category by rank. The age categories in judo are Yonen (12 years and under), Shonen (13 to 16 years) and Seinen (17 years and above). Higher ranks within each age category stand on the left with lower ranks to the right.
At the start of class the instructors (senseis) seiza first then the students seiza starting from the left to the right. Class is called to attention “kiotsuke”. We perform a kneeling bow at the command “rei”. Class proceeds with warm up exercises.
When beginning practice with a partner we humbly request the honor of practicing with them “onegai shimasu”. After finishing with this partner we thank them “domo arigato.” No gum, food or beverages are permitted on or around the mat. There are two acceptable ways to sit in class. The first is sitting on the knees (seiza). The second is sitting cross-legged. These methods of sitting will be demonstrated in the beginners class. Always walk around or behind the instructors and classmates during class. Make sure that your fingernails and toenails are trimmed and filed so as not to cut or injure your opponent. Good hygiene is an essential part of good judo etiquette. Make sure your gi (uniform) is clean and the player is clean also.
At the conclusion of class we will line up again. The class will be called to attention “kiotsuke” followed by “mokuso”. “Mokuso” is the command to close your eyes and begin a form of meditation breathing intended to lower the heart rate. It is performed by breathing in for a count of seven through the nose, holding the breath for a count of seven and then slowly breathing out through the mouth. At the conclusion the sensei announces “yame” to end the breathing. This is followed by a command to bow “rei”. The command “jyozan-ni-mukate” means to face the place of honor (“joseki”). Once again we bow at the command “rei”. We turn again to face the instructors and conclude the class by bowing as we thank the instructors by saying “domo arigato.”
In the Japanese culture bowing is routinely performed as a sign of greeting and respect. In judo we perform two types of bows, standing and kneeling. Bowing is done when entering the dojo, entering or leaving the mat, at the beginning and end of class, before and after practicing with a partner and at tournaments at the beginning and end of each match. At the end of the class we turn and face joseki, the “higher end” of the dojo and bow towards the picture of Professor Kano. This bow is a sign of our respect for the founder of judo. In tournament we bow before we enter the contest area, we bow once more at the line then step forward and the contest begins. At the end of the contest, we step back to the white line, bow to our opponent again and bow a final time as we exit the contest area.
Visiting other Dojos
Etiquette is especially important when visiting other dojos. Always ask your Sensei’s permission before visiting another dojo. Visit only when San Gabriel Dojo is not practicing. When San Gabriel Dojo is practicing you are expected to attend our practices. When visiting other dojos please remember that you are a guest representing San Gabriel Judo dojo. The following rules should be observed when visiting:
1. Be on time
2. Ask the head instructor of the dojo you are visiting for permission to participate
3. Ask about and pay any required visitors fee
4. Greet all Senseis on the mat and have a humble attitude – you are there to learn
5. Work hard
6. Remember you are representing San Gabriel Judo Dojo when you visit, be respectful.
7. Thank the head instructor and any other instructors after class has ended
RANK STANDARDS & CERTIFICATIONS
At San Gabriel Judo, student evaluations are made on a daily basis by the head instructor, Mr. Richie Endow and Mr. Taizo Sasaki. Ranks are determined by skill/knowledge, execution, competition performance, effort, character, and commitment/attendance.
Yudansha ranks and certifications (1st Degree Black Belt and above) are evaluated by our Head Senseis and Advisors, then nationally certified by the USA Judo Senior Promotion Board for global recognition.